Latin American music in its broadest sense refers to the popular dances and music that originated in the region, but since there is a great diversity of cultures, there are infinite styles. There is a clear Indigenous and European influences, and in some countries like Brazil, also African influences.
Salsa was developed by musicians of Hispanic origin in the Caribbean and also in New York City, from where it spread to the world in the early 1970s. In musical terms, it is the development of the Cuban son, to which was added in the melodic and harmonic structure some stylistic features of Jazz.
Salsa encompasses several styles such as hard salsa, romantic salsa and timba, having various representatives in much of Latin America such as Héctor Lavoe, Richie Ray, Joe Arroyo, Frankie Ruiz or the famous Charanga Habanera.
Bachata is a danceable musical genre, born in the Dominican Republic, as part of its u.rban folklore. It is considered a derivative of the rhythmic bolero, influenced by other styles such as the Cuban son and merengue. Some of its best known representatives are Romeo Santos, Maite Perroni or Prince Royce
This is a native and ancestral musical rhythm and folk dance from the Caribbean Coast of Colombia. Cumbia arises from the musical and cultural combination of indigenous and african communities. Cumbia has been adapted in almost all of Latin America, where it has become a popular rhythm: Venezuelan cumbia, Salvadoran cumbia, Chilean cumbia, Ecuadorian cumbia, Mexican cumbia, Peruvian cumbia or Argentine cumbia, among others
It is a danceable musical genre that was born in the Dominican Republic at the beginning of the 19th century. This genre is very popular in Latin America, where it is considered, along with salsa, as one of the great dance music styles. With three instruments a synthesis of the three cultures that built up the idiosyncrasy of Dominican culture are represented: the accordion represents the European influence, the tambora - which is a drum with two patches - represents the African influence and the Taíno or indigenous influence is materialized by the güira instrument.
Tango is the quintessential dance of Argentina, especially in Buenos Aires, but there is also a lot of Tango tradition in Montevideo, the Uruguayan capital. The guitar, the violin, the flute and the bandoneon were the instruments of traditional tango, while the double bass and the piano were incorporated when it began to be played in bars. Some of the best known tangos are ¨La cumparsita", "Por una cabeza" and "Mi Buenos Aires Querido"
This is a typical Brazilian genre that incorporates African roots and is a symbol of national identity. Many believe that this genre was born in Rio de Janeiro, where it is danced non-stop during Carnival, but it was not until the 19th century when African communities brought as slaves took it to what was then the capital of Brazil. The "samba de roda" is one of the bases of the samba from Rio de Janeiro which was designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2005.
It is a popular Brazilian music genre that derived from samba and that has a strong influence of jazz. This genre emerged in the late 1950s thanks to musicians such as João Gilberto, Tom Jobim, Vinícius de Moraes, and other young middle-class singers and composers from the south of Rio de Janeiro. Over the years, this genre has become one of the most influential movements in the history of Brazilian popular music, reaching worldwide projection. Some of the most popular songs are 'Garota de Ipanema' (The girl from Ipanema) and 'Chega de saudade' (The longing arrives), both composed by the artists Vinícius de Moraes and Antônio Carlos Jobim
The roots of reggaeton go back to the appearance of Jamaican reggae and of dancehall into the Latin culture in Panama, in the mid-1970s. Artists like El General, Chicho Man, Nando Boom, Renato and Apache Ness started singing reggae in Spanish for the first time. Meanwhile, during the 1990s, Puerto Rican rapper Vico C released Spanish-language hip hop and reggae rap records on his native island.
Currently, the singer Daddy Yankee, a native of Puerto Rico, is considered the king of this genre that has been so fashionable in recent years.
This genre is identifiable by some rhythmic elements and new forms of composition that emerged in the musical activity on the island of Cuba during the 19th century. The typical Cuban bolero emerged around 1840. It is know that the first bolero was "Tristezas", written by the Cuban José Pepe Sánchez in Santiago de Cuba in 1883. That piece gave formal origin to the genre with the musical accompaniment called "classic" of guitars and percussion
There's so much to know about Latin music and culture. We have created a playlist for you to take a tour on the diversity of Latin rhythm's, learn a little more and, why not! listen to it to warm up before a Latin Roots Night!
We hope you enjoy our mix and that it gets you dancing!